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The Inflation Reduction Act: A Comprehensive Approach to Lowering Prescription Drug Costs

By: Leah Turner

The rising cost of prescription drugs is a critical issue in the United States, impacting seniors and families across the nation. The Biden-Harris Administration has shown its interest in remaining steadfast in their commitment to making essential medications more affordable through the Inflation Reduction Act. In a recent announcement by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), further details were revealed about how this act is actively lowering out-of-pocket drug expenses for seniors and their families. Let’s delve into the latest updates and the impact on Medicare beneficiaries.

Continued Savings for Medicare Beneficiaries

Under the Inflation Reduction Act, CMS recently unveiled a list of 34 prescription drugs covered by Medicare Part B for which beneficiary coinsurances may be lower between October 1 and December 31, 2023. The significance of this announcement cannot be understated. For those with Medicare who depend on these medications, this can translate into substantial savings. Depending on individual coverage, beneficiaries may see reductions ranging from $1 to $618 per average dose.

These savings are especially crucial for seniors and families on fixed incomes, who often grapple with the high cost of prescription medications.

The Inflation Reduction Act: A Multi-Pronged Approach

The Medicare Prescription Drug Inflation Rebate Program is one facet of the Inflation Reduction Act’s strategic design to address the escalating costs of prescription drugs. This program serves a dual purpose.

First, it lowers coinsurance for certain Medicare beneficiaries with Part B coverage. This directly reduces the out-of-pocket expenses for those who need these medications to manage their health conditions.

Second, it discourages pharmaceutical companies from raising drug prices faster than the rate of inflation. By doing so, it helps control overall healthcare costs and ensures that price hikes do not place undue financial burdens on patients or Medicare itself. Some benefits include:

The Act represents a multifaceted approach to an ongoing issue and demonstrates a commitment to making essential medications more accessible to all Americans. In addition to lowering drug costs, the Act aims to expand benefits, keeping drug premiums stable and improve the strength of the Medicare Program overall.

Concerns and Criticism

While the Inflation Reduction Act has garnered support for its efforts to lower prescription drug costs, it’s important to acknowledge that not everyone may be in favor of this legislation. There are several concerns that have been raised by individuals who oppose the act:

Impact on Innovation: There may be less motivation to invest in the development of new and potentially life-saving drugs. If pharmaceutical companies have less potential for profit, they may reduce investments in research and development of new medications.

Market Disruption: When drug prices are controlled or reduced, it may impact the financial stability of pharmaceutical companies, potentially leading to job losses and disruptions in the supply chain.

Drug Availability: Price controls or rebates could lead to shortages of certain medications, making it harder for patients to access necessary treatments. If manufacturers find it less profitable to produce certain drugs, they may discontinue them.

Complexity: Administrative challenges and potential unintended consequences.

It’s important to note that these concerns represent the perspectives of those who oppose the Inflation Reduction Act. Supporters of the act argue that it is necessary to address the high cost of prescription drugs and ensure that essential medications are accessible to all, particularly for seniors and individuals on fixed incomes.

Transparency and Accountability

CMS is striving to be transparent in their approach to implementing the Inflation Reduction Act. They routinely release Average Sales Price (ASP) public files well in advance of each quarter, allowing the public to review and provide feedback. This level of transparency ensures that the program is accountable and adaptable, with adjustments made based on feedback and changing circumstances.

The Medicare Prescription Drug Inflation Rebate Program continues to be a beacon of hope for seniors and families grappling with the escalating costs of prescription medications.  As we move forward, it’s crucial that we continue to address the challenges of rising drug prices so that we can create a healthcare system that is more equitable and affordable for everyone.

For more information on this program and the list of drugs affected, please visit the official CMS website.


“Inflation Reduction Act and Medicare.” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). []( Accessed September 14, 2023.

“The Inflation Reduction Act: Lowering Prescription Drug Costs for Seniors.” The White House. []( Accessed September 14, 2023.